Saturday, February 18, 2006

Week 3 -Historic / Precedent Studies

This housing analysis explores the characteristics of the typical metropolitan interior courtyard as well as the interaction between adjacent residence.

This step explains both the process of 'The Whale' and my process for the '28 unit housing exercise'


The project ‘de Landtong’ on the 'Kop van Zuid', is a 4 hectare new urban development in the old harbour area in the southern reaches of Rotterdam. The sheer magnitude of the project, the contrast between unity and variety in programme and size, and the history and topography of the locality together form a unique framework. It makes the project a 'city within the city', a new urban typology within the austere urban master plan.
While the classic block is defined by continuous edges, the complex morphology of ‘de Landtong’ is the outcome of a three-dimensional composition of slabs, towers and strips, with form related to programme and orientation. The programmatic requirement of 625 houses made it possible to design houses and apartments of an unprecedented typological abundance.
Diversity was also possible in terms of public circulation, private outdoor space and articulation of fenestration. Street facades are generally orthogonal, with occasional punctuation by descending volumes.

-Antony- Sam- Kevin-

The BedZED urban system reconciles high-density three-story city blocks with high residential and workspace amenity. Workspace is placed in the shade zones of south facing housing terraces, with sky gardens created on the workspace roofs, enabling all flats to have outdoor garden areas, with good access to sunlight, at the same time as providing well day lit workspace. The combination of super-insulation, a wind driven ventilation system incorporating heat recovery, and passive solar gain stored within each flat by thermally massive floors and walls - reduces the need for both electricity and heat to the point where a 135 kW wood fuelled combined heat and power plant (chp) can meet the energy requirements for a community of around 240 residents and 200 workers. -Cheryl

The apartment study turned in to a definition of ownership. If a person claims the façade of your building through photograph or if they claim the façade of the building through graffiti, who is the true owner?

Likewise, if an outside constituent claims visual ownership through apertures, does this diminish the private space? Where do the boundaries begin and end in a dense housing situation?

labeled facade photo with grafitti and general graffiti from windows

This is the study of visual privacy and visual boundaries. This issue is of particular importance in dense housing, because density=demand=higher price$. Actual private space is forfeited by the very light accommodating apertures that inhabitants demand. Physical boundaries take on a different meaning than just “wall” and “window” when addressing the concessions and compromises you have to make in an urban setting to attain privacy. Private space is literally whittled down.

Privacy of the entrace and semi-private circulation foyer to street - sight lines

Privacy in plan and section of apartment from interior to street - sight lines



Blogger Roof Ventilators said...

Hello, Thanks for taking the time to discuss this, I feel strongly about it and love learning more on this topic.

7:59 AM  

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